06 February 2014

Megh-Jat struggle - मेघ-जाट संघर्ष

एक जानकारी फेसबुक के ज़रिए :-

Tararam Gautam:
कुछ इतिहासकारों ने मेघ समाज की उत्पति मेद, मद्र और मल्ल जातीय समूह से होना दर्शाया है। मैं भी इस संभावना को नकारता नहीं हूँ।

मद्र लोगों का उत्कर्ष गांधार क्षेत्र में हुआ। मेव भी इसी क्षेत्र से। मल्लों का राज्य पावा और कुशिनारा में। बौद्ध साहित्य मल्लों का शासन गांधार में भी होने का वर्णन करता है। इस प्रकार से मल्ल और मद्र एक ही ठहरते है।

मुज्मल ए तवारीख (mujmalu-I tawarikh) जिसका परेशियन भाषा में AD 1026 में अनुवाद हुआ। उसमें मेदों (say as Megh) और जाटों के संघर्ष का विवरण उपलब्द्ध होता है। ये मेद और जाट बाद में मुस्लमान हिन्दू और बौद्ध आदि धार्मिक विभागों मे बंट गए। तवारीख के अनुवाद में इलियट लिखते है-"Jats and Meds are... they dwelt Sindh and (on the bank of) the river which is called Rahar. By the Arabs the Hindus are called Jats. The Meds held the ascendancy over the jats; and put them to great distress, which compelled them to take refuge on the other side of the river Pahan, but being accustomed to the use of boats, they used to cross the river and made attracts on Meds (Meghs); who were owners of sheep. It so come to pass that the Jats enfeebled the Meds (meghs), killed many of them, and plundered their country. The Meds (Meghs) then become subject to the jats."

Meds
And discussion goes so on .... if some one have copy of that book it must be looked into for constricting history of Meghs of that region.

Tararam Gautam:

Struggle between Jats and Meds (Meghs) settled and arrival of Brahmans in their territories as told by historians of Sindh-

"One of that Jat chiefs (seeing the sad state to which Meds were reduced) made the people of his tribe understand that success was not constant; that there was a time when the Meds Meghs) attacked Jats and harassed them, and that the jats had in their turn done the same with the Meds. He impressed upon their minds the utility of both tribes living in peace, and then advised the Jats and Meds to send a few chiefs to wait on king Dajushan, son of Dahrat, and beg of him to appoint a king, to whose authority both tribes might submit. The result of this was satisfactory, and his proposition was adopted. After some discussion they agreed to act upon it, and the emperor Dajushan nominated his sister Dassal , wife of king Jandrat, a powerful prince, to rule over the Jats and Meds. Dassal went and took charge of the country and cities, the particulars of which and of the wisdom of the princess, are detailed in the origional work. But for all its greatness and riches and dignity, there was No Brahman or wise man in the country. She therefore wrote a long letter to her brother for assistance, who collected 30000 Brahmans from all Hindustan, and sent them, with all their goods and dependents,to his sister. There are several discussions and stories about these brahmans in original work.

A long time passed before Sindh become flourishing. The origional work gives a long description of country, its rivers and wonders, and mentions foundations of cities. The city which the queen made the capital, is called Askaland. A small portion of country to made over to Jats and appointed one of them as their chief, his name was Judrat. Similar arrangements were also made for the Meds:-

(Rattan Gottra and K.k. Singh Genwa like this.)

Tararam Gautam: Above facts are mentioned in Mujmalu-I Tawarikh. Extracts above are as narrated by Elliot, sir, in the history of India, 1867(Historians of Sindh-volume,1)Pp 4-5. Bharat Bhagat sir is requested to tally with rajatarangini to ascertain dates and

Tararam Gautam:

Know your history- ब्राह्मणों ने दाहिर की पत्नी को कासिम को सौंपा- Chachnama;edited by Sir H M Elliot; pp84-85

"The relations of Dahir are betrayed by the Brahmans"-

"It is revealed that when none of the relations of Dahir were found among the prisoners, the inhabitants of the city were questioned respecting them, But the no one gave any information or hint about them. But the next date nearly one thousand Brahmans, with shaven heads and beards, brought before Kasim."

The Brahmans come to Muhammad Kasim

When Muhammad Kasim saw them, he asked to what army they belonged, and why they had come in that manner. They replied, O faithful noble, our king was a Brahman. You have killed him, and have taken his country; but some of us have faithfully adhered to his ccouse, and have laid down our lives for him; and the rest, mourning for him; have dressed themselves in yellow clothes, and have shaved their heads and beards. As now the Almighty God has given this country into your possession, we have come submissively to you just Lord, to know what may be your orders for us. Muhammad Kasim began to think, said, "By my soul and head, they are good, faithful people. I give them protection, but on this condition, that they bring hither the dependents of Dahir, wherever they may be". Thereupon they brought out *Ladi."

*queen, wife of King Dahir

Tararam Gautam:

अरबी पुस्तकों में भिक्षु के लिए बैकुर या बेकर शब्द भी मिलता है।बौद्ध भिक्षु हेतु बरामका शब्द भी मिलता है। बरामक अभी मुस्लमान है।

अरबी इतिहास पुस्तकों और चचनामा मेबौद्धों के नौविहार मंदिर का बारम्बार उल्लेख है। नौबहार मंदिरका मुख्य पुजारी-भिक्षु बरामक कहा जाता था।

Tararam Gautam:

अरबी इतिहास पुस्तकों और चचनामा मेबौद्धों के नौविहार मंदिर का बारम्बार उल्लेख है। नौबहार मंदिरका मुख्य पुजारी-भिक्षु बरामक कहा जाता था।

Tararam Gautam:

अरबी पुस्तकों में बौद्धों का एक अन्य संबोधन-
"अरबी पुस्तकों में बौद्धों का एक तीसरा नाम मुहम्मिरा भी है, जिसका अर्थ है लाल कपड़े पहनने वाले।(किताबुल हिन्द, बैरूनी,191) इस धर्म के साधु इसी रंग के कपडे पहनते थे। वे इसी से पहचाने जाते थे। मारवाड़ी में इसे मेरुन या मेहरून कहा गया है। या तो इससे गेरुएँ रंग से अभिप्राय हो या केसरिया रंग से।"